Discouraging Breeding Behavior In Pet Birds - Talk Parrots Forums

Parrot Breeding, Chick Raising, and Parrot Handfeeding Discuss all aspects of breeding parrots as well as raising and hand feeding chicks.

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post #1 of 7 (permalink) Old 07-16-2012, 05:08 AM Thread Starter

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Discouraging Breeding Behavior In Pet Birds

General Information

In the wild, female parrots will not lay eggs unless they have a mate and a suitable nesting site. In captivity, however, some parrots will lay eggs or even have repeated clutches of eggs despite the absence of a mate. Egg production is stressful for birds; it depletes their nutritional stores, and predisposes them to malnutrition, osteoporosis, and life-threatening illnesses. In situations where birds are being intentionally bred, these risks are an inherent part of the breeding process. For pet birds that are not being bred, however, egg laying can pose serious health risks without the benefit of producing chicks.

Some birds have problems from the very first time they try to lay eggs. Other birds can lay for years before they run into difficulties. In either situation, however, reproductive problems can lead to egg-binding, oviductal prolapse, peritonitis, and death.

Unlike with cats and dogs, it is not a simple procedure to spay a bird. For many birds, the most effective way to stop egg laying is through environmental and behavioral changes. Some birds may also require medical intervention.

10 things you can do at home to stop your bird from laying eggs

1. Put your bird to bed early, by 5 or 6:00 p.m. A long day length is one of the most important environmental cues triggering egg laying in birds. By allowing your bird to stay up late, you are mimicking the long days of spring/summer, making your bird think it is time to breed. An early bedtime will help to turn off her breeding hormones. Note that she will need complete darkness and quiet for this to be effective (covering the cage while the radio or TV is on is not adequate!).

2. Keep your bird away from dark, enclosed spaces. Most parrots are cavity nesters, which means that instead of building a nest out in the open they look for dark, enclosed spaces in which to lay their eggs. In order to stop your bird from laying eggs it is essential that she is kept away from such areas. Nest boxes should be promptly removed. Birds can be ingenious when looking for a nesting site (under a couch, behind the microwave, even in the dryer!), so it is important that she is under close supervision when out of the cage.

3. Keep your bird away from other birds to which she is bonded. Having a mate is a strong stimulus for your bird to lay. This mate may be a member of the opposite sex, another female bird, or even a bird of a different species. Separating your bird from the other birds in your household will help turn off her hormones.

4. Discourage breeding behavior in your bird. Some birds will display breeding behaviors with their favorite person, such as vent-rubbing, tail lifting, or regurgitating food. Discourage these behaviors by putting your bird back in her cage for a “time out” whenever she displays them. Don’t pet your bird on her back or under her tail, as this can be sexually stimulating.

5. Remove your bird’s “love-toys”. Some single birds will display mating behaviors with objects in their environment, such as food cups, toys, perches, or mirrors. Mating behaviors include regurgitating food, vent rubbing, and tail lifting. If your bird engages in these behaviors with an inanimate object, that object should be permanently removed from her environment.

6. Rearrange the cage interior and change the cage location. Your bird is more likely to lay eggs in a cage that hasn’t changed in a while. Putting your bird in a different cage and/or changing the cage location can help discourage laying. Changing the arrangement or types of toys, dishes, and perches in the cage can also be very helpful.

7. Give your bird optimal nutrition and provide full spectrum light. Producing and laying eggs robs your bird of the vitamins, proteins, and calcium she needs to stay healthy. It is especially crucial during the breeding season that she is on a complete and balanced diet, which in most cases will be a pelleted diet. A seed diet supplemented with vitamins is not adequate. Ask your veterinarian to recommend a pelleted diet for your bird. Full spectrum sunlight is necessary for your bird’s calcium metabolism, and can be provided by unfiltered sunlight or by a full spectrum flourescent bulb.

8. Avoid removing the eggs which your bird has already laid. Sometimes the easiest way to turn off the egg-laying cycle is to allow your bird to sit on her eggs. If your bird lays a few eggs and then sits on them, leave the eggs in the cage for 21 days or until she loses interest. If however she does not stop at 3 – 4 eggs and continues laying, this strategy may not work, and you should call your avian veterinarian for further suggestions.

9. Ask your veterinarian about hormone injections. In certain cases of excessive egg-laying, your veterinarian may recommend hormone injections in addition to the above environmental and dietary changes. Hormone injections are relatively safe and can help reduce egg-laying in some birds. The effectiveness of hormone injections varies from bird to bird and can not be accurately predicted beforehand.

10. When in doubt, ask your avian veterinarian. If you have questions or concerns regarding your bird’s health, or if the above changes do not stop your bird from laying, please give us a call. We have helped hundreds of bird owners stop their birds from laying, and we can help you, too.

Discouraging Breeding Behavior In Pet Birds
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post #2 of 7 (permalink) Old 07-16-2012, 05:54 AM
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**Overlaying without a good calcium source can cause bones to be depleted of calcium. Bones depleted of calcium can become very brittle and fracture easily.** If you are breeding your birds or have a chronic egg layer, make sure the bird has a good source of both calcium and vitamin D (sunlight). Take a look at Allie's broken wings for a visual on this issue: https://www.talkparrots.com/showthread.php?t=5087. (I will make a new thread of pictures for her and edit this link to the new thread, but give me a few days).

I would also like to make a disclaimer on the 7th section of this: An all-pelleted diet (as suggested in the above article) or an all-seed diet is not good for our birds. In the long run, being on a diet that lacks variety will cause liver issues from excess protein (pellets) or excess fat (seeds). The ideal parrot diet is full of variety. Most veterinarians push for an all-pellet diet often because they sell the product or because the vet school they went to taught them that an all-pellet diet was correct. This, however, is not the case.

In my own and others' experience, a good diet for parrots consists of seed, pellets, and veggies/fruits. At the very least a parrot's diet should consist of seed and veggies/fruits if you do not wish to feed pellets.

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post #3 of 7 (permalink) Old 07-16-2012, 08:48 AM

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nice post

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post #4 of 7 (permalink) Old 10-28-2013, 09:23 PM
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I have a chronic egg laying tiel. She's eight years old and I have never been able to stop her laying eggs. Unfortunately, she's paying the consequences lately. I moved her cage to try and stop her, after which she screamed for two days non stop. Then she started mating again. A couple of days later She looked unwell. At first I thought she was egg bound, but it's been four days now and she is still perching, eating and drinking very little and refusing to eat soft foods(egg, veggies, sprouts). She wants her mate to feed her but he refuses. Tonight she mustered enough energy to fly but when I caught her I felt her breast none and it's sharp. She does have a bulge at the vent but I don't think it's an egg. I have a heat lamp on her and humidity. I've also added liquid calcium to water and calcium to food. Neo Chlor(full spectrum anti biotic) as well to her water. Any ideas what it Gould be anyone?
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post #5 of 7 (permalink) Old 06-03-2014, 09:50 PM
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I think that instead of waiting for four days and administering an antibiotic, when there are no signs of an infection, I would see a vet. Giving her antibiotics when there is no infection just kills off the beneficial bacteria in her digestive tract, which does two things, it reduces the efficiency of her food absorption and it weakens the immune system. Both of these things are counter productive in the long term and also requires you to replace these beneficial bacteria by having to administer probiotics in her diet.
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post #6 of 7 (permalink) Old 06-04-2014, 09:31 AM

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Well, for one thing, you need to take that bird to an avian vet to find out exactly what is going on with her because lack of energy and weight loss are serious symptoms. They could mean an infection but they could also mean cancer and you would not want her to suffer. For another, you need to be careful with calcium because too much is as bad as too little.

I've taken in several chronic layers (tiels, lovies, budgies) and they all stopped after a while with me (the one that took the longest was an ex-breeder lovebird). You need to reduce the protein in their diet (egg and sprouts are breeding food), give them not more than one single bath a week, keep them to a super strict solar schedule with full exposure to dawn and dusk , allow them hours and hours of out-of-cage time (spent mostly flying) and use a full spectrum light with a Ktemp of 5000 and no higher. If you do all this, she will stop laying.
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post #7 of 7 (permalink) Old 06-04-2014, 11:59 AM

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Guys, this isn't the thread to have a discussion. If you have an issue with your bird and need to ask questions, please make your own thread in the appropriate sub forum. Thanks!

Plus Mir's post is from 2013 so I doubt they are still having this issue.

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