Parrot Forums - TalkParrots banner
1 - 20 of 24 Posts

·
Registered
Joined
·
5,750 Posts
Discussion Starter · #1 ·
After getting a book called "Good Parrotkeeping" by Robin Deutsch, I have found many good lists of information in there that I have been referring to over and over. I decided to type up some of the lists and put them up on the wall near my cages for quick reference. I decided I'd share these lists with the TalkParrots forums, so you can print them out or refer to them on here when you are in need of them. In addition, you can add to the lists and change them to meet your needs.


SAFE AND TOXIC PLANTS

Toxic Plants:

acorn
amaryllis (bulbs)
angel's trumpet
autumn crocus (bulbs)
avocados
belladonna
black Locust
bleeding heart
boxwood (leaves)
buckeye
buckthorn (bark)
bulbs (most plants including daffodil, jonquil, and hyacinth)
caladium
calla lily
castor oil plant
chinaberry tree
Christmas cactus
Christmas rose
clematis
coral plant
daphne
delphinium
devil's ivy
dieffenbachia
dumb cane
Dutcman's breeches
eggplant (fruit is ok)
elderberry (fruit is ok)
elephant ear
English ivy
euonymus
euphorbia
foxglove
golden chain
hellebore (all species)
heliotrope
hemlock (all species)
holly
honey locust
horse chestnut
hydrangeas (flowers)
Japanese laurel (Aucuba)
jasmine
juniper
lily of the valley
lupine
milkweed
mock orange
monkshood
morning glory
nightshades (all species)
oleander
pennyroyal
philodendron
poinsettia
poppy
potato (eyes, green skin, leaves)
pothos
red maple
rhododendron
sage
spindle tree
spurges (all species)
tansy
tomato (fruit is ok)
tulip
vetch (all species)
Virginia creeper
yew (all species)


Safe Plants:

African violets
aloe
ash
aspen
bamboo
beech
bird nest fern
Boston fern
bougainvillea
chickweed
Christmas holly
coleus
corn plant
cottonwood
crabapple (avoid seeds)
dracaena
elephant foot tree
elm
figs (most species)
fir
firethorn
gardenia
grape ivy
guava
hawthorn
hibiscus
jade plant
larch
madrone (and other Arbutus)
magnolia
maidenhair fern
manzanita
marigold
mother-in-laws tongue
nasturtium
Norfolk Island pine
palms
passion flower
peperomia
petunia
ponytail palm
poplar
prayer plant
rose (remove thorns)
schefflera
snake plant
spider plant
Swedish ivy
sword fern
toyon
umbrella plant
wandering Jew
white clover
willow
yucca
zebra plant



SAFE AND UNSAFE WOODS FOR PERCHES:


Safe:

acacia
almond
apple
arbutus
ash
aspen
bamboo
beech
bois d'arc
bottle brush
butterfly bush
citrus
cactus wood
cork
cottonwood
crabapple
date
dogwood
douglas fir
elm
fig species
fruitless mulberry
ginkgo
goat willow
grape vines
guava
hackberry
hawthorn
hazelnut
hibiscus
hickory
honeysuckle
horse apple
larch
lilac
liquidambar
mandrone
magnolia
manzanita
maple (except red maple)
Mediterranean laurel
mesquite (remove all thorns)
mimosa
Norfolk Island pine
nut trees (except chestnut and oak)
palm
papaya
pear
pecan
pine
poplar
pussy willow
ribbonwood
rose (remove thorns)
sequoia spruce
sugar maple
sweet gum
sycamore
thurlow
tree fern
umbrella tree
vine maple
walnut (except black)
white alder
willow


Unsafe:

apricot
avocado
box elder
boxwood
cedar
candelabra tree
cherry
chestnut
chinaberry
crown of thorns (and other Euphorbia)
driftwood
eucalyptus
hemlock
holly
Kentucky coffee
locust
mountain laurel
oak
oleander
peach
pencil tree
plum
prune
rain tree
red maple
redwood
snow on the mountain
spurges



GOOD PARROT FOODS

Grain Products:

buckwheat and kasha
Cream of Wheat (and rice)
low-salt bagels
low-salt or no-salt crackers
low-salt or no-salt pretzels
low-sugar cereals (such as Cheerios, Life, Chex, Kix, etc.)
matzo
melba toast
noodles and pasta, including spaghetti, ravioli, macaroni, etc.
oatmeal
pearl barley
quinoa
rice (use brown, wild, or other varieties)
tortillas
triticale
wheat berries


Vegetables:

alfalfa sprouts (you can sprout your own)
asparagus, especially the tips (cooked)
arugula
baby corn
bamboo shoots
banana peppers
beans, such as green, pole, wax, pinto, kidney, navy garbanzo, mung, butter, haricot, adzuki, soy, and others (high in various minerals, vitamins and fiber)
bean sprouts
beets and beet greens (very high in vitamin A)
bell peppers
bok choy
broccoli (good source of vitamin A)
broccoliflower
brussels sprouts (feed in moderation because could cause thyroid problems if overfed)
cabbage
carrots, including the tops (good source of vitamin A)
cauliflower
cayenne (contains capsicum, which is good for the digestion; a good source of vitamin A)
celery
chard
chayote
chicory (high in vitamin A)
cherry pepper
chickweed (good source of vitamin A)
chili peppers (high in vitamins A and C)
cilantro
collard greens (good source of vitamin A, calcium, and iron)
corn
comfrey
cucumbers
dandelion greens (rich in vitamin A and calcium)
daikon (radish)
eggplant (cooked and ripe only)
endive (good source of vitamin A)
garlic (has antibiotic and antitumor properties; stimulates the immune system and kills parasites; helps to eliminate lead, zinc, and other toxins in the body)
ginger root
Indian corn
jalepeno peppers
Japanese eggplant (cooked only)
jicama
kai-lan (also known as Chinese broccoli or Chinese kale)
kale (good source of vitamin A)
kohlrabi
leeks
lettuce
lentils (cooked)
luffa (also known as Chinese okra; cooked)
mushrooms (cooked only and fed with other foods)
mustard greens
okra
onions (cooked only)
parsley (high in vitamin A; good for the immune system)
peas, such as green, sugar snap, snow, etc.
peppers (red, green, yellow, jalapeno, serrano, poblano, chili, etc)
potatoes (cooked, baked is best)
pumpkins and seeds (cooked)
(Canned pumpkin contains the highest amount of vitamin A of all vegetables)
radishes
soybeans
spinach (in moderation because it can bind up calcium, high in vitamin A; frozen spinach has a higher amount of vitamin A than fresh)
sprouts
squashes, such as butternut, acorn, hubbard and others (good source of vitamin A)
sweet potatoes (good source of vitamin A; feed cooked only)
Thai pepper (also called bird pepper)
tomatoes (good source of vitamins A and C; you can use low-sodium tomato paste and canned tomatoes)
turnip greens (good source of vitamin A and calcium)
watercress (helps aid the kidneys and is high in vitamin A)
yams (good source of vitamin A; do not feed raw)
zucchini

Fruits:

apples (all varieties, with the seeds and stem removed)
apricots (not pits and the area around the pit removed; dried, unsweetened apricots have the highest vitamin A content of all fruits)
bananas (remove the peel; good source of potassium)
blackberries
blueberries
cactus fruit (prickly pear)
Canary Island melon (no rinds)
cantaloupe (no rinds)
casaba melon (no rinds)
cherimoya
cherries (no pits)
clementine oranges
coconuts
coquitos (mini coconuts)
cranberries
crenshaw melon (no rinds)
currants
dates
figs
grapes, such as red, green, black, etc. (help the kidneys by decreasing the acidity of urine)
grapefruit
guavas
honeydew (no rinds)
horned melon (no rinds)
juan melon
kiwis
kumquats
lychee
lemons
loquat
Mandarin oranges
mangoes
nectarines (no pits, and remove the area near the pit as well)
oranges (good source of vitamin C; frozen, undiluted concentrate can be used for cooking because it contains a high amount of potassium as well as vitamin C)
papaya (helps aid in digestion)
passion fruit
peaches (no pits or area near pit; dried are higher in vitamin A)
pears (no seeds)
pepino melons
pineapple (good for digestion)
plantains (good source of vitamins A and C)
plums (no pits)
prunes (may cause watery droppings; do not use area around the pits)
pomegranates (good for the kidneys)
raisins
tangerines


Dairy Products:


cheese (used in cooking only; any type of cheese is fine, although the longer a cheese is aged, the better; Swiss contains the most calcium, parmesan is high in both phosphorus and sodium, and cheddar has the highest fat and calories)
cottage cheese
eggs, including well-washed shells
yogurt


Meats:

chicken
fish (thoroughly cooked and bones removed)
lamb
liver (although like kids, very few birds will eat this)
ribs (okay on occasions, but birds have a hard time digesting pork, so use beef ribs)
roast beef (no pink showing)
salmon (water packed, canned is the best for birds; it is high in omega-6 fatty acids)
steak
tuna fish (water packed and low in sodium)
turkey


Nuts:

almonds (have the highest calcium amount of all nuts)
Brazil nuts (only the large macaws and largest cockatoos can crack these; high in selenium)
cashews
filberts of hazelnuts
macadamia (high in fat and calories; one of the hardest nuts to crack)
peanuts (really a legume)
pecans (low in protein but high in calories)
pine nuts (have lowest amount of calcium of all the nuts)
pistachio nuts (high in vitamin A)
walnuts (have some vitamin A content)



FOODS TO AVOID

alcohol
avocados
guacamole
caffeine
chocolate
fruit pits and flesh around them
rhubarb



SIGNS OF ILLNESS

Abnormal Appearance:

bleeding
bumps or swellings
drooping head
drooping wings
fluffed up or ruffled feathers
head weaving
inability to fly
leaning to one side
loss of balance
signs of hypothermia that do not disappear with interaction (ruffled feathers, holding up one leg, head tucked behind wing)
sleepy appearance (not to be confused with normal sleeping)
sores
swelled with air (looking puffed up like a balloon)
wounds or injuries


Cere, Nares, and Mouth:

discharge or clogging from nares or mouth
inflammation around eyes or nares
regurgitation (not caused because the bird is happy)
whitish bumps on the roof of the mouth


Respiratory Signs:

coughing (not because the bird has learned to imitate you cough)
difficulty in breathing
rapid or labored breathing
rattling or clicking noise when breathing
sneezing (not because the bird has learned to imitate you sneezing)
thunking sound when stressed


Feather Changes:

abnormal color or growth
decreased preening
drab, dirty-looking feathers
feather plucking
lines in the feathers
loss of feather sheen
matted feathers around the eyes, nares or mouth
missing feathers
unusually heavy molt


Eyes:

crusty-looking eyes
discharge from the eyes
eye that won't open
eyes half closed when the bird is not sleeping or napping
eyes that are dull and listless
eyes that have an opaque, milky appearance
injury to the eye
kicking or rubbing at eye area
puffy, swollen, or red eyes
tearing


Behavior:

abrupt changes in personality
convulsions
dazed appearance
decrease in activity
decrease in vocalizations
decrease or loss of appetite
dizzy appearance
flicking of head
hyperactivity
inability to perch
increased appetite
increased tameness (a bird who was wild one day is suddenly tame)
lying on the bottom of the cage
loss of use of a limb
moodiness or irritability
not interested in playing with toys
regression to baby behavior (only eating when hand-fed)
shivering on perch
sitting with feet farther apart than normal
staggering when walking
sudden biting attacks (not hormonal)
swaying or falling
tail bobbing
thrashing or night fright (this may be normal in some birds)
unusual fears (afraid of things he wasn't afraid of before)


Droppings:

blood in droppings
color changes in droppings (not diet related)
constipation or a decrease in number of droppings
diarrhea (not caused by extra fruit in the diet or diet change)
matted or stained feathers around the vent
smelly droppings
soiled or pasted vent
undigested seed or food in droppings


Crop Issues:

air in the crop
baggy or overstretched crop
crop empties too slowly
crop that doesn't empty


Beak, Nails, and Feet:

beak or nails overgrow and need frequent care
black color on toes (not the nails)
overly sensitive feet
scaly crust of feet
swollen feet
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
44 Posts
ABSOLUTELY FANTASTIC list. Thank you so much!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!:biggrin5:
 

·
Premium Member
Joined
·
17,670 Posts
Thanks for sharing it Abby :)
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
5,750 Posts
Discussion Starter · #4 ·
No problem. I found it handy, I hope you guys do, too.
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
3,142 Posts
Great lists, Abby. Thanks.

I have only one question, and I know you were simply writing what you have seen written. However, I have been told that birds should not be given alliums, which include garlic and onion. Additionally, I have seen a caution against mushroom.

I will tell you that my vet herself will give her birds foods prepared with garlic, such as a spaghetti sauce prepared with garlic, but she will not give them a piece of garlic. This precaution, I believe, is because alliums are blood thinners, so one would need to be certain that birds did not consume very much because birds are so tiny.
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
5,750 Posts
Discussion Starter · #6 ·
It says under the mushrooms and the onions that they should be fed cooked only. I'd think you should only feed them garlic when it is in a dish, not by itself. At least I wouldn't feed my birds garlic by itself.

Of course, if you are worried about any of these foods, I'd suggest just not to feed it. There are plenty of others to pick from! :)
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
5,750 Posts
Discussion Starter · #7 ·
Would anybody find this post useful as a sticky?
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
5,750 Posts
Discussion Starter · #10 ·
No problem, Shelly! Glad you found them useful.
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
993 Posts
I would say yes for the most part except that lorikeets arent supposed to have seed and not really pellets either but the nectar/lory mix, fruits, veggies, sprouts
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
77 Posts
I read that avocados were healthy for the birds D: -scratches them off list- now a no! ;3
 

·
Premium Member
Joined
·
17,670 Posts
NOOOO super super super deadly!
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
77 Posts
okay, i think i will report the error on the website, thanks! glad i know!!
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
77 Posts
Yeah! that is awful! i told the site to change it asap!!!
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
5,750 Posts
Discussion Starter · #18 ·
Oh my gosh...Where in the heck did you read that, Rose? :yikes: That's insane....No no NO!
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
2,644 Posts
eucalyptus isnt safe?? but cockatiels in the wild nest in it and many, many people use the natural perches

:confused:
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
1,048 Posts
Under the Toxic list there is the Christmas Cactus. Oliver used to fly up into the plant and munch on it every day. He never go sick once from it.
 
1 - 20 of 24 Posts
Top